anglais2 ثالثة إعدادي


 

الدرس الخامس عشر
 

Have got / has got


1/Haveyou gotblack socks ?
No, I haven’t.

2/ HasSamir got blue eyes?
Yes, he has.

3/ Has Karima got a white skirt?
No, she hasn’t.

4/ Have they got green eyes?
No, they haven’t.

5/ Has your cat got small ears?
Yes, it has.

6/ Have you got got long feet?
No, I haven’t.

7/ Has Rachid got white pants?
Yes, he has.

8/ Has Mounir got a beard?
No, he hasn’t.

9/ Has your sister got a long hair?
Yes, she has.

10/ Have you got a brown jacket?
Yes, I have.


************************************************** ************************************************** ************************
- I have got a blue shirt and a pair of green jeans.

- I haven’t got blue eyes.

- He has got a curly hair.

- He hasn’t got a black jacket.

- She has got a red dress.

- She hasn’t got black shoes

- We have got green trousers.

- We haven’t got small noses.


 ************************************************** ************************************************** ************************

Rule

Affirmative sentences

I / you / we / they + have got ……….

He / she / it + has got………..

Negative sentences

I / you / we / they + haven’t got(have not got)……….

He / she / it + hasn’t got( has not got)………..

Yes / no questions

Have+ I /you / we / they + got………?

Has+ he / she / it + got……………....?

************************************************** ************************************************** ************************************************** ************************



Singular

Affirmative


I have got a pen = I've got a pen
You have got a pen = You've got a pen
She has got a pen = She's got a pen
He has got a pen = He's got a pen
It has got a pen = It's got a pen

Negative

I have not got a pen = I haven't got a pen
You have not got a pen = You haven't got a pen
She has not got a pen = She hasn't got a pen
He has not got a pen = He hasn't got a pen
It has not got a pen = It hasn't got a pen

Questions

Have I got a pen?
Have you got a pen?
Has he got a pen?
Has she got a pen?
Has it got a pen?

Plural

Affirmative

We have got a pen = We've got a pen
You have got a pen = You've got a pen
They have got a pen = They've got a pen

Negative

We have not got a pen = We haven't got a pen
You have not got a pen = You haven't got a pen
They have not got a pen = They haven't got a pen

Questions

Have we got a pen?
Have you got a pen?
Have they got a pen?

****************************************

One / ones

-Hisham has got blue pants but he hasn’t got green ones.

-Layla hasn’t got white skirt but she’s got a blue one.

-I have got a black tie. I haven’t got a red one.

-Samir has got a brown jacket. He hasn’t got a black one.

-Amine hasn’t got white trainers. He has got grey ones


************************************************** *****

 

الدرس السادس عشر


Present Continuous


the present continous describes things that are happening now, at the moment or future plansand arrangements




Common present continuous time expressionsinclude

at the moment, now, today, this week, this month, tomorrow, next week (for future arrangements ), currently



Rule


verb to be( in simple present) + verb+ ing




Examples


Affirmative

  • I am speaking.
  • You are speaking.
  • We are speaking.
  • They are speaking.
  • He is speaking.
  • She is speaking.
  • It is speaking.


Negative

  • I am not speaking.
  • You are not speaking.
  • We are not speaking.
  • They are not speaking.
  • He is not speaking.
  • She is not speaking.
  • It is not speaking.


Question

  • AmI speaking
  • Areyou speaking
  • Arewe speaking
  • Arethey speaking
  • Ishe speaking
  • Isshe speaking
  • Isit speaking



Short and full Forms

Affirmative

I'm (I am) -> working today.
You're (You are) -> working today.
He's (He is) -> working today.
She's (She is) -> working today.
It's (It is) -> working today.
We're (We are) -> working today.
You're (You are) -> working today.
They're (They are) -> working today


Negative

I'm not (I am not) -> coming this evening.
You aren't (You are not) -> coming this evening.
He isn't (He is not) -> coming this evening.
She isn't (She is not) -> coming this evening.
It isn't (It is not) -> coming this evening.
We aren't (We are not) -> coming this evening.
You aren't (You are not) -> coming this evening.
They aren't (They are not) -> coming this evening
 

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الدرس السابع عشر



The present continuous


Yes / no questions

Examples


Are you reading a story



Yes, I am


Is Hamid listening to the radio


No, he isn’t


Is he writing a letter


Yes, he is


Is Loubna studying


Yes, she is


Is your cat sleeping


No, it isn’t


Are Kamal and Najib travelling to Marrakesh


No, they aren’t


Are they playing soccer


Yes, they are




w/h questions

What are you doing


I am painting my room


What is Houda doing


She is knitting


When are you travelling


I’m travelling this evening


Where are they going to this weekend




They are going to the stadium




Remember
A single, silent eat the end of the word is droppedbefore ing

example: come- coming
I am coming home. You are coming home. He is coming home
.
But: eeat the end of the word is not changed
example: agree- agreeing




The final consonant after a short, stressed vowel is doubledbefore ing.

example: sit- sitting
I am sitting on the sofa. You are sitting on the sofa. He is sitting on the sofa



The letter las final consonant after a vowel is always doubledbefore ing

example: travel- travelling


I am travelling around. You are travelling around. He is travelling around


Important: This applies only for British English; in American English there is usually only one l




An ieat the end of a word becomesybefore ing

example: lie- lying


I am lying in bed. You are lying in bed. He is lying in bed



Afirmative / negative forms

Full / short forms


Examples

Iamplaying. - I'mplaying.
I am notplaying. - I'mnotplaying.
He isplaying. - He'splaying.
He is notplaying. - He'snotplaying. / Heisn'tplaying.
We areplaying. - We'replaying.
We are notplaying. - We'renotplaying. /We aren'tplaying





 


الدرس الثامن عشر



Making suggestions


Some expressions

 

  • Let’s revise our lessons.
  • What about going to the cinema tonight
  • How about playing cards
  • Why don't we do our homework
  • Couldn't we invite your grandmother to our party
  • Shall we have a walk along the river
  • What would you say to a cup of coffee
  • Don't you think it is a good idea to watch TV
  • Does it matter if we use your car



Accepting a suggestion
 

  • Ok. Yes, let's.
  • Yes, I'd like to
  • Yes, I'd love to.
  • What a good idea
  • Why not
  • Yes, with pleasure.
  • Yes, I feel like taking a walk.



Disagreeing with a suggestion
 

  • No, let's not.
  • No, I'd rather not.
  • I don't feel like it.
  • I dislike doing homework.
  • What an awful idea




Examples

.Let’s go to the zoo
No, I don’t like animals.
How about going to the park
Yes that’s a good idea. Let’s go

. I think you should buy the blue one.
That's a good idea.

. I don't think you should sell your car.
Thanks for the advice, but I really need the money.

. Let's go bowling tonight.
Sorry, I can't. I'm meeting a friend for dinner.

Why don't we go skiing on Saturday
Sounds like a good idea. Where do you want to go

. Why don't you come with me to Fez
Thanks, but I've already been there.





Expressing ability

Rule: can + subject + verb




Examples

Can you play rugby
No, I can’t, but I can play football

Can you climb a mountain
Yes, I can

Can you drive a car
No , I can’t


Can they play water polo
No, they can't


Can he play ice hockey
Yes, he can


 


الدرس التاسع عشر




Adverbs of frequency



The most common adverbs of frequency are

always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, rarely, and never





The basic rule is that adverbs of frequency come beforethe main verb


but they come afterpresent and past forms of the verb be: am, are, is, was and were





Examples


I always go to school by bus
He oftendrinks some milk in the morning.
She seldomdrive to work
They sometimeswatch TV in the morning.


He is alwayson time
It is sometimes cold in the south
You arenever satisfied





100% = Always


75 % = Usually


50% = Often


25% = Sometimes


5% = Seldom / Rarely


0% = Never

 

الدرس العشرون



What’s the weather like




It’s sunny
It’s cloudy
It’s rainy
It’s windy
It’s snowy
It’s fine
It’s hot
It’s a beautiful day

......................





Song





"What's the weather like?"
by Richard Graham

What's the weather like?
What's the weather like?
What's the weather like today?
What's the weather like?
What's the weather like?
What's the weather like today?

It's rainy
It's cloudy
It's windy
And it's snowy.

( Repeat Chorus)

It's sunny
It's fine
It's hot
It's a beautiful day!

( Repeat Chorus





sample dialogues





What's the weather like in Tafraout
It's sunny
And what's the temperature
It's very hot. It's 39 degrees Celsius






What's the weather like in Alaska
it's snowy
And what's the temperature there
it's very cold. it's -20 ° Celsius







three useful links about weather lesson



link 1


link 2


link3









 

Parts of Speech

Nouns

Camel – house – train – car – Jamal – Naima – school – machine – song – sport – pencil – bag – cabbage – onion – cup – etc



Verbs

 

Come – sing – write – read – have – be – walk – swim – hit – begin – cook – speak – like – play – eat – drink - watch – smile – dream – sleep – travel – tie – clean – stay –get – see – start – work – want – etc

Acjectives

 

Tall – long – beautiful – ugly – short – nice – slim – fat – big – wonderful – exciting – new – old – narrow – wide – small – interesting – boring – funny – colourful – important – sunny – cloudy – snowy – windy – hot – cold – warm – etc




Adverbs

 

Well – slowly – very – quite – always – usually often – seldom - quickly – rarely – sometimes – early – now – never – finally – badly – soon – today – tomorrow – etc


Pronouns

 

I – you – he – she – it – we – they – me – him – her – us – them – mine – our – etc


Prepositions

In – on – under – over – between – next to – in front of – off –of - by – with – without – behind – above –beside – below – out of – through –towards – into – along – around/ round – down – about



Months and Seasons of the Year

Months


 

  1. January
  2. February
  3. March
  4. April
  5. May
  6. June
  7. July
  8. August
  9. September
  10. October
  11. November
  12. December




The Seasons

Spring:

March
April
May

Summer:

June
July
August

Autumn:

September
October
November

Winter:

December
January
February





 


 

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الدرس الحادي والعشرون
 

Simple Past of the Verb Be
 

Affirmative form
I was
You were
He was
She was
It was
We were
You were
They were



Negative form
short forms:

I wasn’t
You weren’t
He wasn’t
She wasn’t
Itwasn’t
We weren’t
Youweren’t
They weren’t

long forms:

I was not
You were not
He was not
She was not
It was not
We were not
You were not
They were not


Interrogative form

Was I ?
Were you ?
Was he ?
Was she ?
Was it ?
Were we ?
Were you ?
Were they ?



Yes/ no questions

Were you absent yesterday ?
Yes, I was.

Was Rachid at home last Monday ?
No, he wasn’t.

Were they in Marrakesh two days ago ?
No, they weren’t



Simple past of regular verbs



The simple past of regular verbsis usually formed by adding -EDto the verb

However, with some verbs, you need to add -ED or change the ending a little


Here are the rules


Verbs ending ine= we add d

examples : live = lived

date = dated

type = typed



Verbs ending in consonant + y= we change yto i, then we add ed


examples : try = tried

cry = cried
spy = spied


Verbs ending inone vowel+ one consonant( but NOT wor y) = we double the consonant, then we add ed


. examples: commit = committed

tap = tapped

fit = fitted


For the rest of regular verbs we just add ed


examples : play = played

work = worked

look = looked


*******************************************************

 

 

Simple Past: Irregular Verbs

Introduction

Although many verbs in English form their past tense with -ED, some do not. These are called irregular verbs, and they include some of the most basic verbs in English. This page will explain some of the most important patterns in forming the past tense. However, the only way to know how an irregular verb will change in the past tense is to learn all of the important verbs.

1. The three most important irregular verbs

The three most important irregular verbs are BE, HAVE, and DO. The simple past forms for BE are different depending on the subject.

 

Pronoun

BE

HAVE

DO

I

was

had

did

You

were

had

did

He / she / it

was

had

did

We

were

had

did

They

were

had

did

2. Other irregular verbs

Other irregular verbs fall into three main categories:

 

Category

Examples

Verbs which don't change

cut - cut
hit - hit
fit - fit

Verbs which change their vowel

get - got
sit - sat
drink - drank

Verbs which change completely

catch - caught
bring - brought
teach - taught

When you are sure that you understand the lesson, you can continue with the exercises.

 

Irregular Verbs

&
Hicham Lamaalem 2016
hichamfahda.me.ma © 2017.Free Web Site

Base Form

Simple Past Tense

Past Participle

awake

awoke

awoken

be

was, were

been

bear

bore

born

beat

beat

beat

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

bend

bent

bent

beset

beset

beset

bet

bet

bet

bid

bid/bade

bid/bidden

bind

bound

bound

bite

bit

bitten

bleed

bled

bled

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

breed

bred

bred

bring

brought

brought

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

build

built

built

burn

burned/burnt

burned/burnt

burst

burst

burst

buy

bought

bought

cast

cast

cast

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

cling

clung

clung

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

creep

crept

crept

cut

cut

cut

deal

dealt

dealt

dig

dug

dug

dive

dived/dove

dived

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

dream

dreamed/dreamt

dreamed/dreamt

drive

drove

driven

drink

drank

drunk

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

fit

fit

fit

flee

fled

fled

fling

flung

flung

fly

flew

flown

forbid

forbade

forbidden

forget

forgot

forgotten

forego (forgo)

forewent

foregone

forgive

forgave

forgiven

forsake

forsook

forsaken

freeze

froze

frozen

get

got

gotten

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grind

ground

ground

grow

grew

grown

hang

hung

hung

hear

heard

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

kept

kneel

knelt

knelt

knit

knit

knit

know

knew

know

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

leap

leaped/leapt

leaped/leapt

learn

learned/learnt

learned/learnt

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

let

let

let

lie

lay

lain

light

lighted/lit

lighted

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

misspell

misspelled/misspelt

misspelled/misspelt

mistake

mistook

mistaken

mow

mowed

mowed/mown

overcome

overcame

overcome

overdo

overdid

overdone

overtake

overtook

overtaken

overthrow

overthrew

overthrown

pay

paid

paid

plead

pled

pled

prove

proved

proved/proven

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

read

read

read

rid

rid

rid

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

saw

sawed

sawed/sawn

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

set

set

set

sew

sewed

sewed/sewn

shake

shook

shaken

shave

shaved

shaved/shaven

shear

shore

shorn

shed

shed

shed

shine

shone

shone

shoe

shoed

shoed/shod

shoot

shot

shot

show

showed

showed/shown

shrink

shrank

shrunk

shut

shut

shut

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank

sunk

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

slay

slew

slain

slide

slid

slid

sling

slung

slung

slit

slit

slit

smite

smote

smitten

sow

sowed

sowed/sown

speak

spoke

spoken